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Art School is a term used for any educational institution (whether elementary, secondary, post-secondary/undergraduate, or graduate/postgraduate) with primary focus on visual arts, especillay graphic design, illustration, painting, photography, and sculpture.
Both private and public schools can offer degrees in fine art and design. There is a notable difference between a Bachelor of Art (BA) and a Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) degree. Typically a BA means that a student focuses approximately 30% of their course work in studio coursework while the remainder consists of general academic coursework. BFA degrees are distinctly different in that they offer approximately 70% studio coursework and 30% general education. Graduate degrees vary by the specific discipline, including but not limited to a Master of Arts (MA), Master of Fine Arts (MFA), Master of Architecture (M.Arch), Doctor of Philosophy (PhD).
Some programs in both private and public schools may offer a more general degree in art and do not require a major in a specific field but might offer concentrations. A concentration is not accepted by some accrediting or professional organizations as enough study in some fields for success as a professional.
In the U.S. Art and Design schools that offer BFA and/or MFA degrees break down into basic types with some overlap and variations. At the most fundamental is a small, private art or design school. Art Academy of Cincinnati, California College of the Arts, Lyme Academy College of Fine Arts, Moore College of Art, Maine College of Art, Montserrat College of Art, Minneapolis College of Art and Design, the Pacific Northwest College of Art, etc. would all be representative of that model. Add to that the larger private art schools, like the Rhode Island School of Design, Ringling College of Art and Design (formerly known as Ringling School of Art and Design), Maryland Institute College of Art, Art Center College of Design, Savannah College of Art and Design, Art Institute of Fort Lauderdale(which is one of The Art Institutes, a system of over 40 art schools in North America), Pratt Institute, New York Academy of Art, University of the Arts, Philadelphia, Academy of Art University (formerly known as Academy of Art College), School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Otis College of Art and Design and The School of Visual Arts which is the largest private art school in the U.S. A large number of these schools belong to a consortium called AICAD (Association of Independent Colleges of Art & Design). They can also select and send their upper-level undergraduate and graduate art and design students to the New York Studio Program for one semester of independent studio or internship, administered for AICAD by Parsons the New School for Design. These schools differ from career schools in that they require a strong component of liberal arts courses in addition to art and design courses, providing a well-rounded college degree.
There are also partnerships between art schools and universities such as the The New England School of Art & Design at Suffolk University, Art Institute of Boston at Lesley University, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts with the University of Pennsylvania, the Rhode Island School of Design with Brown University, Maryland Institute College of Art with John Hopkins University, the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in conjunction with Tufts University, Tyler School of Art at Temple University, or Herron School of Art at Indiana University. There is one state supported independent art school in the U.S., Massachusetts College of Art and Design.
Many of the degree offering institutions do not offer intense training in classical realism and academic painting and drawing, although the Lyme Academy College of Fine Arts is considered a collegiate version of this educational model. This gap is filled by Atelier art schools (schools located inside an artist's studio) or in separate locations, such as the Art Students League of New York, established in 1875, The Ashland Academy of Art and Mims Studios School of Fine Art, Studio Incamminati, and The New School of Classical Art.
Here Are the Art Schools by Each State
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